Prof. dr. Corine M. Visscheris a professor at the department of Orofacial Pain and Dysfunction (OPD), and director of the dental school, both at the Academic Centre of Dentistry Amsterdam (ACTA). Her research and clinical interests have focused on chronic pain patients, TMD and headache. At the OPD department, she works in a multidisciplinary team, that consists of specialized dentists, physical therapists and a psychologist. She graduated in 1994 as a physical therapist at Polytechnics Amsterdam, Faculty of Healthcare, Department of Physical Therapy. In 2000, she obtained her PhD at the University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands. In 2005, she received her Master degree in Epidemiology at the VU University Medical Center in Amsterdam. Dr. Visscher published over 70 papers in peer-reviewed international journals. She is one of the authors of the latest edition of the guidelines of the American Academy of Orofacial Pain (AAOP), and a member of thePhysical Therapy Board of Craniofacial and Cervical Therapeutics (PTBCCT). In addition, she was involved in the International Consensus Workshop that has introduced the Diagnostic Criteria for TMD (DC/TMD).



In this lecture Corine Visscher will present the possibilities for Physical Therapy in the patient care of patients with a Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD).

For various TMD subtypes, she will present the various treatment modalities physical therapists can apply as part of the multidisciplinary treatment of TMD patients.

More specifically, she will discuss physical therapy treatment options for patients withan anterior disc displacement without reduction (or ‘closed lock’), hypermobility with luxation (or ‘open lock’), arthralgia and myalgia (with or without movement limitations). 

Recommendations will be provided for the decision whether a patient could be treated in primary care or should be referred to more specialized care givers.

Also the principles of pain education for chronic pain patients will be introduced.



  1. Armijo-Olivo S, Pitance L, Singh V, Neto F, Thie N, Michelotti A. Effectiveness of Manual Therapy and Therapeutic Exercise for Temporomandibular Disorders: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Phys Ther. 2016 Jan;96(1):9-25. doi: 10.2522/ptj.20140548. Epub 2015 Aug 20. Review.
  2. Gaul C, Visscher CM, Bhola R, Sorbi MJ, Galli F, Rasmussen AV, Jensen R. Team players against headache: multidisciplinary treatment of primary headaches and medication overuse headache. J Headache Pain 2011;12(5):511-519.
  3. Kalaykova S, Lobbezoo F, Naeije M. Two-year natural course of anterior disc displacement with reduction. J Orofac Pain. 2010 Fall;24(4):373-8.
  4. Naeije M, Te Veldhuis AH, Te Veldhuis EC, Visscher CM, Lobbezoo F. Disc displacement within the human temporomandibular joint: a systematic review of a ‘noisy annoyance’. J Oral Rehabil 2013; 40:139-58.
  5. Schiffman E, Ohrbach R, Truelove E, Look J, Anderson G, Goulet J-P, List T, Svensson P, Gonzalez Y, Lobbezoo F, Michelotti A, Brooks S, Ceusters W, Drangsholt M, Ettlin D, Gaul C, Goldberg LJ, Haythornthwaite J, Hollender L, Jensen R, John MT, deLaat A, deLeeuw R, Maixner W, van der Meulen M, Murray GM, Nixdorf DR, Palla S, Petersson A, Pionchon P, Smith B, Visscher CM, Zakrzewska J, and Dworkin SF. Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (DC/TMD) for Clinical and Research Applications: Recommendations of the International RDC/TMD Consortium Network and Orofacial Pain Special Interest Group. Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache 2014;28:6-27. doi: 10.11607/jop.1151
  6. Shimada A, Ishigaki S, Matsuka Y, Komiyama O, Torisu T, Oono Y, Sato H, Naganawa T, Mine A, Yamazaki Y, Okura K, Sakuma Y, Sasaki K. Effects of exercise therapy on painful temporomandibular disorders. J Oral Rehabil. 2019 May;46(5):475-481. doi: 10.1111/joor.12770. Epub 2019 Feb 19. Review. PMID: 30664815.
  7. Visscher CM, Baad-Hansen L, Durham J, Goulet J-P, Michelotti A, Roldán Barraza C, Häggman-Henrikson B, Ekberg EC, Raphael KG. Benefits of implementing pain-related disability and psychological assessment in dental practice for patients with temporomandibular pain and other oral health conditions. J Am Dental Assoc, 2018;149(6):422-431. doi:10.1016/j.adaj.2017.12.031.